Air Purifiers > Different Types of Air Purifiers Explained

Different Types of Air Purifiers Explained

Types of Air Purifiers: Which One Is Right for You?

There Are Many Different Types of Air Purifiers on the Market Today. Some People Might Not Know What They All Do, and How They Work to Improve Your Health.
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A good quality air purifier is important to the health of your family. The best way to make sure that you’re buying a quality product is by reading reviews from other customers who have used it. There are many different air purifiers, and this article will break down some of them to decide which one would be best for your needs.

Room Air Purifiers

Room air purifiers are great for small spaces such as a bedroom, office, or the inside of your car. These types usually don’t filter out smoke and other particles like allergens that can cause health problems if not eliminated. Still, they are great for providing a clean, fresh air environment.

There are several different types of room air purifiers, but they can be group into two types:

Room Air Purifiers

1. Air Purifiers with Filters

These types of purifiers are great for removing allergens1 such as dust, mold spores, pollen, and pet dander. They also remove smoke particles that can cause respiratory problems.

These units use a filter to capture airborne pathogens like bacteria and viruses, which is good if you have people in your home with allergies or asthma who need an air-clean environment or if you have pets.

Air Purifiers with Filters

Pre-Filters

Pre-filters are great for purifying the air in your home without having to buy an expensive model. They can reduce allergens, pollutants, and irritants by up to 90%. Pre-filters need changing every two months or as frequently as recommended per the manufacturer’s instructions.

The downside of this type is that they don’t remove odors as some other types do, so you may want to consider using an air purifier with a filter.

HEPA Filters – Allergies

HEPA2 filters are great for removing allergens such as dust, mold spores, pollen, and pet dander. They also remove smoke particles that can cause respiratory problems.

These units use a HEPA filter to capture airborne pathogens like bacteria and viruses, which is good if you have people in your home with allergies or asthma who need an air-clean environment or if you have pets.

HEPA Filters

Activated Carbon Filters – Odors

If you have a problem with odors from pets, cooking, or cigarette smoke, then an activated carbon filter is the answer for you. This type of unit can remove contaminants like formaldehyde and benzene that cause problems with asthma and allergies.

The downside of these types of units is that they don’t last as long as other types because the charcoal needs replacing every few months depending on usage.

Permanent/Washable Filters

Permanent filters are often used in units that use a fan or blower to filter the air. They can last for up to three years depending on usage and type, but if they need cleaning, you will have to take them out of the unit, which is time-consuming and may require an expert’s help for safety reasons.

Washable filters are great because they don’t need replacing over long periods as permanent ones do, but it does mean that you’ll be doing more maintenance as well as buying replacement parts.

2. Filter-less Air Purifiers

Filterless air purifiers don’t use a filter to clean the air. Instead, they work by electrostatically charging particles that have entered the unit and then attracting them with an oppositely charged plate.

This process traps 99% of all contaminants in your home, including smoke, allergens, dust mites, cat dander, and pet hair, as well as bacteria and viruses.

Since these units don’t require replacement filters, you will save money over time, but it’s important to note that this type may only be appropriate for sensitive or allergic to mold3 spores because it does not filter for them.

Filterless Air Purifiers

Air Ionizers

Air ionizers are another unit that doesn’t require replacement filters, but this one works by separating oxygen molecules and then blowing them into the air.

The downside to these types is that they don’t remove any other contaminants like allergens, smoke particles, or bacteria, so you may want to consider using a filterless purifier with an ionizer for best results.

Electrostatic Precipitator/Electrostatic Air Cleaners

Electrostatic Precipitator/electrostatic air cleaners are the type of unit that is most appropriate for people who are sensitive or allergic to mold spores.

These units work by using electrostatics which separates water molecules into ions and then blows them out a fan in an even fashion over your home’s living space while attracting any particles they come into contact with.

This process removes all contaminants, including bacteria, smoke particles, allergens, pet hair, and more, from your household, so you can breathe easier knowing there won’t be anything coming back at you later on.

Ozone Generators

Ozone4 generators are the type of unit that is most appropriate for people who suffer from asthma or allergies.

These units work by blowing a mixture of oxygen and nitrogen through an electrolytic cell. It reacts with a high voltage electric current, creating ozone gas which can then be blown into your living space to filter out contaminants like bacteria, allergens, etc., dander, and more.

The downside to these units is that they need replacing every 12-18 months depending on usage because ionizers use up the ozone layer faster than other filters do.

Ozone Generators

Thermodynamic Sterilization

Thermodynamic sterilization units work by blowing hot air into your living space. This type of unit is best for people who are allergic to dust mites, pet dander, and mold spores because it heats the environment.

Any contaminants will die off due to lack of moisture or too much heat, reducing the waste of their population significantly.

This process also removes bacteria and smoke particles from the area you live in since they both react with high-temperature environments.

The downside to this type is that it doesn’t remove other allergens like pollen, cat hair, and more, but if those aren’t an issue, then a thermodynamic purifier may be perfect for your needs.

Ultraviolet Germicidal Irradiation (UVGI)

Ultraviolet Germicidal Irradiation (UVGI5) is the type of unit that is most appropriate for people with asthma, allergies, or any other respiratory illnesses.

This process works by using ultraviolet light to kill bacteria and then break down smoke particles which can clear your home’s air quickly and help you breathe better in a healthier environment.

The downside to this type is it requires replacement filters every 12-18 months, so make sure you factor that into your budget before purchasing one of these units.

Photocatalytic Oxidation (PCO) Cleaners

Photocatalytic Oxidation (PCO6) cleaners are the type of unit that is most appropriate for people who have allergies, asthma, or other respiratory illnesses.

These units work by breaking down bacteria and smoke particles with an added boost from photosensitive chemicals to help reduce their population in your home’s air quickly. The downside to this process is it requires replacement filters every 12-18 months, so make sure you factor that into your budget before purchasing one of these units.

Whole House Air Purifiers

Whole-house air purifiers are great for people who suffer from allergies or those with asthma.

These units work by sucking air in from the entire house and passing it through a high-quality HEPASilent filter that removes pollen, spores, pet dander, and more which can cause allergic reactions for some people while also neutralizing any other allergens found inside your home’s environmental ecosystem.

The downside to these types of systems is they’re not good at dealing with smoke particles as well as thermodynamic sterilization units are, but if neither of those is an issue, then this might be what you’ve been looking for all along.

Whole House

Here are the three main types of whole-house air purifiers depending on how they are installed:

Filter-based units: These units are great for people who want to purify their home’s air without having any equipment in the house.

Duct-based units: These units are great for people who have central heating or air conditioning because they can be installed in the ductwork to purify the entire house’s air.

Stand-alone units: These units are great for people who want to purify the air in specific areas like kitchens, bathrooms, or bedrooms, and they can be placed anywhere inside your home.

Commonly used whole house air filters include:

1. Mechanical Filters

Mechanical filters are the type of unit that is most appropriate for people with allergies and asthma.

These units work by pulling air in from outside your home, passing it through a high-quality filter to remove pollen spores as well as other allergens before venting out only clean air back into your living space.

This process can be really helpful if you live on or near farmland where there’s an abundance of pollinating plants like ragweed, which can cause allergic reactions when you’re breathing them in all day long.

But will also catch any larger particles found inside your houses such as dust mites, pet dander, or mold spores so they won’t get trapped inside your lungs.

The downside to these systems is that they don’t clean the air for those who suffer from respiratory illnesses that affect their breathing, like asthma.

2. Electronic Filters

Some types of air purifiers use electronic filters to filter the air. These are usually in a metal mesh and may be combined with other filtering mechanisms like activated carbon or HEPA filtration for maximum effectiveness.

The advantage of these is that they can remove allergens from your environment without needing replacement filters.

They also work well on aerosols and some chemical vapors and are good at removing bacteria and viruses. The disadvantage is that they can be expensive to operate, especially if you have a lot of airflow in your home or office.

Electronic Filters

3. Ultraviolet Light

Ultraviolet light is another type of air purifier that can be found inside your home or office. These units work by breaking down bacteria and smoke particles with an added boost from photosensitive chemicals to help reduce their population in your home’s air quickly and efficiently.

The downside to these units is that they require replacement filters every 90 days, which can be expensive, but this might work for you if you don’t have any allergies or respiratory illnesses.

4. Photocatalytic Oxidation

Photocatalytic oxidation is a type of air purifier that can destroy any bacteria, viruses, and mold that it comes in contact with. It works by using electricity to make a photocatalyst which then uses ultraviolet light rays to break down organic molecules into harmless water and carbon dioxide gas, released into the atmosphere.

The downside to this type of air purifier is that it requires a lot of electricity, costly. This type of air purifier would not work well in areas where there are large amounts of particles and dust because the photocatalyst can’t break them down as easily.

The UV light rays also have to be replaced periodically, which adds another cost when continuously using one.

This can take up some space in your home, but they are usually lightweight and portable for those who need more mobility with their cleaner. Because these types use ultraviolet light instead of ozone or ionization, they don’t release chemicals into the atmosphere like other brands might do while cleaning the air around you.

Common Questions

Do All Air Purifiers Work Well in Large Spaces?
Is It Better to Buy a Low-End Model Versus a High-End Model?

In Conclusion

There are many different types of air purifiers on the market today. Each one has something about it that makes it stand out from the rest in terms of effectiveness at removing specific allergens like pollen, pet dander, or smoke particles from your home’s environment while also neutralizing other things found inside, such as mold spores, bacteria, and viruses so make sure you do some research before making your purchase decision because not all systems are created equally.

Mark Johnson

Mark Johnson

Mark advises business, individuals, and organisations on how to use and get the best purifiers so as to maintain their offices and homes. For a fresher and cleaner environment, he is the man for you. He loves ideas and concepts and uses his skills to make them a reality.

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